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你知道白油与有机硅弹性体/硅橡胶的奇妙应用吗?
文章作者:admin 上传更新:2019年09月11日

结构:


Structure:


白油与有机硅聚合物+填料+交联剂(固化剂)=有机硅弹性体


White Oil and Organosilicon Polymer+Filler+Crosslinking Agent(Curing Agent)=Organosilicon Elastomer


白油与有机硅弹性体是交联的线性硅油或GUM的三维结构橡胶。


White oil and silicone elastomer are linear silicone oil or three-dimensional structure rubber of GUM.




白油与有机硅弹性体使用的填料


Fillers for White Oil and Organic Silicon Elastomer


1) 增强填料,例如二氧化硅(英文Silica,俗称白炭黑、硅石或硅酸等),它与基体聚合物产生作用提升弹性体的强度;


1) Reinforcing fillers, such as Silica (commonly known as silica, silica or silicic acid, etc.), interact with matrix polymers to enhance the strength of elastomers.


2) 延展填料,比如石英、硅藻或是金属氧化物,帮助减少材料成本;


2) Extension fillers, such as quartz, diatoms or metal oxides, help reduce material costs;


3) 也含有交联剂(固化剂)。


3) It also contains crosslinking agent (curing agent).




有机硅弹性体与有机白油的区别


Difference between Silicone Elastomer and Organic White Oil




属性


attribute




①极高/低温度性能(普通的有机硅弹性体能承受的标准温度是 -40到250ºC,相当于 40到392°F);


(1) Extremely high/low temperature performance (the standard temperature that ordinary silicone elastomers can withstand is - 40 to 250 C, equivalent to 40 to 392 degrees F);


②非常柔韧——柔韧度基本不受温度影响;


(2) Very flexible - the flexibility is not affected by temperature;


③抗臭氧力极佳;


(3) Excellent ozone resistance;


④抗紫外线能力极佳;


(4) Excellent anti-ultraviolet ability;


⑤电绝缘性能极佳;


Electrical insulation performance is excellent;


⑥具有高导热性;


High thermal conductivity;


⑦耐大部分流体和化学品性能极佳;


_Excellent resistance to most fluids and chemicals;


⑧耐候性极佳;


_Excellent weather resistance;


⑨气体和药物渗透性高;


_High permeability of gas and drug;


⑩易于配制/处理。


_Easy to prepare/process.




有机硅弹性体/硅橡胶的类型


Types of Silicone Elastomer/Silicone Rubber


有机硅弹性体在室温或者加热硫化之前,是以未经反应的混合物形态提供给的。


Silicone elastomers are supplied in the form of unreacted mixtures at room temperature or before heating vulcanization.


氟硅弹性体应用于几乎所有民用和军事飞机,是近代主要的前沿科技之一。


Fluorosilicone elastomer is one of the main frontier technologies in modern times, which is used in almost all civil and military aircraft.




有机硅弹性体的用途


Application of Silicone Elastomer


• 汽车垫圈、控光装置和电子管阀门、靴子、O型圈、软管、电缆和连接器;


Car washers, light control devices and tube valves, boots, O-rings, hoses, cables and connectors;


• 电线和高压电缆的绝缘体、绝缘涂层和用于电力传输的其他电线、电缆附件;


Insulators, insulating coatings and other wires and cable accessories for power transmission of wires and high voltage cables;


• 键盘和复印机显影轧辊;


Keyboard and Copier Development Roller;


• 食物的制作与储运、药物及生物医疗的处理、医疗保健设备制造;


- Food production, storage and transportation, drug and biomedical treatment, medical and health care equipment manufacturing;


• 工业保养和维修中使用的密封胶和粘合剂;


Sealants and adhesives used in industrial maintenance and repair;


• 密封、焊接和涂层应用,特别是用于汽车、建筑、电力、电子和纺织业;


Sealing, welding and coating applications, especially in automotive, construction, power, electronics and textile industries;


• 气体、液体和材料运输设备,包括管道和运输机;


Transportation equipment for gases, liquids and materials, including pipelines and transporters;


• 保护性设备和罩子;


Protective equipment and hood;


• 运动品和玩具;


Sports goods and toys;


• 三维挤出模型;


3-D extrusion model;


• 制模。


- Molding.




白油……用有机弹性体做的烤箱、隔热手套和厨房炊具能将细菌感染的可能性降到最低!


White oil... Oven, insulating gloves and kitchen utensils made of organic elastomers can minimize the possibility of bacterial infection!


有机硅隔热垫耐热、防污,而且可以完全折叠,便于你安全地握持热盘子。有机硅厨房用品的无孔表面更容易彻底清洁,与木制或布制附件相比,细菌污染的可能性被大大降低了。


Silicone heat insulation pad is heat-resistant, anti-fouling, and can be completely folded, so that you can safely hold the hot plate. The porous surface of organosilicon kitchen appliances is easier to clean thoroughly, and the possibility of bacterial contamination is greatly reduced compared with wooden or cloth accessories.






类似皮肤的新型弹性体问世


A New Skin-like Elastomer


据报道,信越有机硅(美洲)公司最近研发的Select-SkinRTV弹性体系列产品,将在20


It is reported that the recently developed SELECT-SkinRTV elastomeric system products of Xinyue Silicone (America) Co. will be in the range of 20.




15美国国际塑料展览会展出。


15 American International Plastics Exhibition.


这是一种类似皮肤的材料,具备非常坚韧的特性,可用于制造电影中的面具、主题公园的仿真皮肤以及其他娱乐场所所用到的人造皮肤,营造出一种恐怖效果。该材料的性能也能满足整形外科领域的需求。


This is a skin-like material with very tough properties, which can be used to make mask in movies, simulated skin in theme parks and artificial skin used in other entertainment places, creating a terrifying effect. The properties of this material can also meet the needs of plastic surgery.


Select-Skin RTV弹性体分为两种,一种配方是1:1,成型后的材料非常柔软;另一种配方10:1,相对较硬。总体而言,这两款材料硅胶材料的硬度都较低、撕裂强度较高、粘度和粘性较低、拉伸性能较好,触感类似于一种干燥的非油性皮肤。


Select-Skin RTV elastomer is divided into two kinds, one is 1:1, the material after forming is very soft; the other is 10:1, which is relatively hard. Generally speaking, these two materials have lower hardness, higher tear strength, lower viscosity and viscosity, better tensile properties, and similar touch to a dry non-oily skin.





福达物资石化称,这种材料在假体应用领域的一个显著优势是相比其他替代产品,它的保温隔热性能更好。当用于制造整形衬层时,在剪切力的冲击下,这种弹性体可提供保护,降低压力,提高假体器官的悬浮性。同时,这种材料还能适应独特的肢体形状和体积的变化。


Fuda Material Petrochemical said that a significant advantage of this material in prosthesis applications is that it has better thermal insulation than other alternative products. When used to make plastic liners, the elastomer provides protection, reduces pressure and improves suspension of prosthesis organs under the impact of shear stress. At the same time, the material can also adapt to the unique changes of limb shape and volume.


在这种透明材料中可加入颜料,来定制其外观。在室温下可快速硫化,降低生产周期,提高生产率,其适用期已高达160分钟。


Pigments can be added to this transparent material to customize its appearance. It can be vulcanized rapidly at room temperature, reduce production cycle and improve productivity. Its application period has reached 160 minutes.




有机硅弹性体凝胶:令皮肤更舒爽


Silicone elastomer gel: make skin more comfortable


据报道,瓦克新开发的有机硅弹性体凝胶BELSILEG2,能够显著改善润肤霜、化妆品等美容产品的触感,令皮肤更为柔软光滑。


According to reports, the new silicone elastomer gel BELSILEG2 developed by walker can significantly improve the tactility of beauty products such as moisturizers and cosmetics, making skin softer and smoother.


此外,这种凝胶还具有触变性,能够降低产品在涂抹时的粘度,使润肤霜和化妆品更好地分布在皮肤上。BELSILEG2还能改善润肤霜的耐水性,与其他原料的混容性良好,可为产品配方带着极大的灵活性。


In addition, the gel also has thixotropy, which can reduce the viscosity of the product when applied, and make the moisturizer and cosmetics better distributed on the skin. BELSILEG2 can also improve the water resistance of moisturizer, and has good compatibility with other raw materials, which can bring great flexibility to product formulation.


硅橡胶的优点


Advantages of Silicone Rubber


硅橡胶是一种由填料加强交联硅基聚合物制成的合成弹性体。它实现了有机弹性体无法比拟的化学和机械性质的组合。


Silicone rubber is a synthetic elastomer made of crosslinked silicone-based polymers reinforced by fillers. It achieves an unparalleled combination of chemical and mechanical properties of organic elastomers.


这些性质使得硅橡胶成为了从烤盘到涡轮增压器软管等各种应用中可选择的材料。


These properties make silicone rubber an alternative material for applications ranging from baking trays to turbocharger hoses.


为什么硅橡胶是更好的选择呢?


Why is silicone rubber a better choice?


• 在恶劣环境中有着更长的使用寿命;


Long service life in harsh environments;


• 在很长时间里不受天气的影响——雨、雪、潮湿、臭氧、太阳紫外线(UV);


- Not affected by the weather for a long time - rain, snow, humidity, ozone, solar ultraviolet (UV);


• 更宽的使用温度范围 —— 从-100ºC 至316ºC (-148至600ºF);


Wider temperature range from - 100 C to 316 C (- 148 to 600 F);


• 暴露在恶劣的环境应力时(热、冷、潮湿、油、臭氧、紫外线),其固有的良好电气绝缘质量 不会发生显著变化;


When exposed to harsh environmental stresses (heat, cold, humidity, oil, ozone, ultraviolet radiation), the inherent good electrical insulation quality will not change significantly.


• 在较宽的温度范围内能够保持其自然的柔韧性和弹性(抗压缩形变);


Maintaining its natural flexibility and elasticity (compressive deformation resistance) over a wide temperature range;


• 提高消费用品的舒适度和感觉;


Improve the comfort and feeling of consumer goods;


• 良好的密封性能;


Good sealing performance;


• 惰性(无味、无嗅),许多食品接触


Inertia (tasteless, odorless), many food contacts

• 更多选择——较宽的硬度范围(从邵氏A 10到80),较宽的颜色选择范围(从透明到亮丽色彩);

• 更好的流动性——易于制造,提高生产率;

• 更多制造选择 ,提高生产率。


典型应用

许多行业均已采用有机硅橡胶及其技术,并且仍在继续探索新的应用,以便满足市场需求。以下介绍其中的部分应用。


汽车行业

有机硅橡胶几乎用于汽车行业的各个方面。出色的绝缘、耐热及抗化学侵蚀、耐气候、粘合等特性以及撕裂强度只不过是有机硅橡胶重要特性中的几个而已。因而,有机硅橡胶特别适于汽车制造以及部件供应。

应用实例:

• 密封——自润滑式有机硅橡胶可以为从头灯到滤油器等所有装置提供强劲、持久的密封。

• 垫圈——有机硅橡胶形成的密封防漏、耐用,在极限温度及压力下不会出现裂缝或破裂。

• 连接器——有机硅可以保护汽车插接件包括电气插头插座连接在内的电气连接,避免出现受潮及腐蚀。

• 火花塞——有机硅橡胶能够可靠地避免水溅、潮湿及灰尘,这对于点火系统良好运转至关重要。还具有良好的电气绝缘特性及耐热性能。

• 轮胎——有机硅加强型低滚动阻力轮胎的使用寿命与传统的炭黑橡胶填充轮胎相同,但却可以降低燃油消耗,并且具有极佳的抓地力。

• 散热器、热交换器及水泵垫圈——这些产品受益于所使用的有机硅橡胶,因为它们可以传送防冻剂而不产生腐蚀。

• 汽缸盖密封垫片、引擎盖、阀门盖、油泵或油盘——这些产品使用耐油、传热的有机硅橡胶,可以帮助散热。


航空及航天

可以耐受极限温度、在极端的环境及化学应力下保持稳定并且耐用,而这些不过是航空、航天业采用有机硅橡胶的几个原因。有机硅橡胶密封垫可以密封内部及外部的门、窗及面板。极佳的耐油性使得氟硅胶橡胶成为燃油控制隔膜、液压管线以及电缆夹板的理想材料,甚至地面及空间站的电脑上均使用有机硅橡胶的键盘。


烤盘及炊具

采用有机硅橡胶制作的烤盘更为坚固、方便,易于使用并且持久耐用。弹性不粘表面易于清洁并且不会带来任何气味或异味。材料由冷冻室取出可以直接放入炉灶、微波炉或洗碗机中而不会影响产品或食物的质量。有机硅橡胶增强型的产品包括:烤盘垫子;烤盘模具;蛋糕烤盘;弹性烤盘;大蒜剥皮器;冰块模具;盘、件托架;刮刀;器具。

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